EU economic governance was integrated in the midst of the euro crisis. To assess how well the new structures and institutions perform in terms of transparency, democratic accountability, integrity and anti-corruption, we made in-depths studies of the main institutions involved. A further study on the Eurogroup is forthcoming for 2018.
Each study was reviewed by the institution concerned, giving them the opportunity to give feedback and ensure no technical errors occurred. The studies also underwent scrutiny by a senior advisory group, and led to reforms by the institutions targeted.
This study looks into the fine balance between the ECB’s vastly expanded mandate, its unrivaled independence, and its democratic accountability. It analyses the transparency provisions, which may compensate a lack of democratic control, and the ECB’s integrity framework, making far-reaching recommendations.
Our study of the governance and accountability of the ESM provides the first comprehensive analysis of the newest European economic governance institution, and makes a number of concrete recommendations. To make the ESM accountable, more transparency is in order, about where decisions are taken and who calls the shots. Is it the ESM, the Eurogroup, the Commission, or a coalition of Member States?
The study on the EIB takes a closer look at “the EU’s bank” and the Juncker investment fund it administers, giving an overview of the EIB’s independence, transparency, integrity and accountability, looking at both the legal provisions and their practical application. It makes a number of concrete policy recommendations to improve the EIB’s governance and accountability.